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不锈钢酸洗钝化膏酸洗时的注意事项

发布日期:2019/02/19

  BUXIUGANGSUANXIDUNHUAGAOSUANXISHIDEZHUYISHIXIANG

  1.SUANXIDUNHUADEQIANCHULI

  BUXIUGANGGONGJIANSUANXIDUNHUAQIANRUYOUBIAOMIANWUWUDENG,YINGTONGGUOJIXIEQINGXI,RANHOUCHUYOUTUOZHI。RUGUOSUANXIYEYUDUNHUAYEBUNENGQUCHUYOUZHI,BIAOMIANCUNZAIYOUZHIHUIYINGXIANGSUANXIDUNHUADEZHILIANG,WEICICHUYOUTUOZHIBUNENGSHENGLVE,KEYICAIYONGJIANYE、RUHUAJI、YOUJIRONGJIYUZHENGQIDENGJINXING。

  2.SUANXIYEJICHONGXISHUIZHONGCl-DEKONGZHI

  MOUXIEBUXIUGANGSUANXIDUNHUAGAOHUOSUANXIYECAIYONGJIARUYANSUAN、GAOLVSUAN,SANLVHUATIEYULVHUANADENGHANLVLIZIDEQINSHIJIEZHIZUOWEIZHUJIHUOZHUJIQUCHUBIAOMIANYANGHUACENG,CHUYOUZHIYONGSANLVYIXIDENGHANLVYOUJIRONGJI,CONGFANGZHIYINGLIFUSHIPOLIELAISHUOSHIBUTAISHIYIDE。CIWAI,DUICHUBUCHONGXIYONGSHUIKECAIYONGGONGYESHUI,DANDUI *ZHONGQINGXIYONGSHUIYAOQIUYANGEKONGZHILUHUAWUHANLIANG。TONGCHANGCAIYONGQULIZISHUI。RUSHIHUAAOSHITIBUXIUGANGYALIRONGQIJINXINGSHUIYASHIYANYONGSHUI,KONGZHIC1-HANLIANGBUCHAOGUO25mg/L,RUWUFADADAOZHEIYIYAOQIU,ZAISHUIZHONGKEJIARUXIAOSUANNACHULI,SHIQIDADAOYAOQIU,C1-HANLIANGCHAOBIAO,HUIPOHUAIBUXIUGANGDEDUNHUAMO,SHIDIANSHI、FENGXIFUSHI、YINGLIFUSHIPOLIEDENGDEGENYUAN。

  3.SUANXIDUNHUACAOZUOZHONGDEGONGYIKONGZHI

  XIAOSUANRONGYEDANDUYONGYUQINGCHUYOULITIEHEQITAJINSHUWUWUSHIYOUXIAODE,DANDUIQINGCHUYANGHUATIEPI,HOUDEFUSHICHANWU,HUIHUOMODENGWUXIAO,YIBANYINGCAIYONGHNO3+HFRONGYE,WEILEFANGBIANYUCAOZUOANQUAN,KEYONGFUHUAWUDAITIHF。DANDUHNO3RONGYEKEBUJIAHUANSHIJI,DANHNO3+HFSUANXISHI,XUYAOJIALan-826。SHIYONGHNO3+HFSUANXI,WEIFANGZHIFUSHI,NONGDUYINGBAOCHI5:1DEBILI。WENDUYINGDIYU49℃,RUGUOGAO,HFHUIHUIFA。

  DUIDUNHUAYE,HNO3YINGKONGZHIZAI20%—50%ZHIJIAN,GENJUDIANHUAXUECESHI,HNO3NONGDUXIAOYU20%CHULIDEDUNHUAMOZHILIANGBUWENDING,YICHANSHENGDIANSHI,DANHNO3NONGDUYEBUYIDAYU50%,YAOFANGZHIGUODUNHUA。

  YONGYIBUFACHULICHUYOUSUANXIDUNHUA,SUIRANCAOZUOJIANBIAN,JIESHENGGONGSHI,DANGAIBUXIUGANGSUANXIDUNHUAGAOZHONGHUIYOUQINSHIXINGHF,YINCIQI *ZHONGBAOHUMOZHILIANGBURUDUOBUFA。

  SUANXIGUOCHENGZHONGYUNXUZAIYIDINGFANWEINEIDIAOZHENGSUANDENONGDU、WENDUYUJIECHUSHIJIAN。SUIZHESUANXIYESHIYONGSHIJIANDEZENGZHANG,BIXUZHUYISUANNONGDUHEJINSHULIZINONGDUDEBIANHUA,YINGZHUYIBIMIANGUOSUANXI,TAILIZINONGDUYINGXIAOYU2%,FOUZEHUIDAOZHIYANZHONGDEDIANSHI。YIBANLAISHUO,TIGAOSUANXIWENDUHUIJIASUYUGAISHANQINGXIZUOYONG,DANYEKENENGZENGJIABIAOMIANWURANHUOSUNHUAIDEWEIXIAN。

  4.BUXIUGANGMINHUATIAOJIANXIASUANXIDEKONGZHI

  MOUXIEBUXIUGANGYOUYUBULIANGRECHULIHUOHANJIEZAOCHENGMINHUA,CAIYONGHNO&HFSUANXIKENENGHUICHANSHENGJINGJIANFUSHI,YOUJINGJIANFUSHIYINQIDELIEFENGZAIYUNXINGSHI,HUOQINGXISHI,HUOSUIHOUJIAGONGZHONG,NENGGOUNONGSUOLUHUAWU,ERYINQIYINGLIFUSHI。ZHEIXIEMINHUABUXIUGANGYIBANBUYIYONGHNO3+HFRONGYECHULINHUOSUANXI。ZAIHANHOURUBIXUJINXINGZHEIZHONGSUANXI,YINGCAIYONGCHAODITANHUOWENDINGHUADEBUXIUGANG。

  5.BUXIUGANGYUTANGANGZUHEJIANDESUANXI

  DUIBUXIUGANGYUTANGANGZUHEJIAN(RUHUANREQIZHONGBUXIUGANGGUANZI、GUANBANYUTANGANGQIAOTI),SUANXIDUNHUARUOCAIYONGHNO3HUO HNO3+HFHUIYANZHONGFUSHITANGANG,ZHEISHIYINGTIANJIAHESHIDEHUANSHIJIRULan-826。DANGBUXIUGANGYUTANGANGZUHEJIANZAIMINHUAZHUANGTAIXIA,BUNENGYONGHNO3+HFSUANXISHI,KECAIYONGQIANGJIYISUAN(2%)+JIASUAN(2%)+HUANSHIJI,WENDU93℃,SHIJIAN6hHUOEDTAANJIZHONGXINGRONGYE+HUANSHIJI,WENDU:121℃,SHIJIAN:6h,SUIHOUYONGRESHUICHONGXIBINGJINRU 10mg/LQINGYANGHUAAN+100mg/LLIANANZHONG。

  6.SUANXIDUNHUADEHOUCHULI

  BUXIUGANGGONGJIANJINGSUANXIHESHUICHONGXIHOU,KEYONGHAN10%(ZHILIANGFENSHU)NaOH+4%(ZHILIANGFENSHU)KMnO4DEJIAN1SHENGGAOMENGSUANYANRONGYEZAI71~82℃ZHONGJINPAO5~60min,YIQUCHUSUANXICANZHA,RANHOUYONGSHUICHEDICHONGXI,BINGJINXINGGANZAO。BUXIUGANGBIAOMIANJINGSUANXIDUNHUAHOUCHUXIANHUABANHUOWUBAN,KEYONGXINXIANDUNHUAYEHUOJIAOGAONONGDUDEXIAOSUANCAXIERXIAOCHU。 *ZHONGSUANXIDUNHUADEBUXIUGANGSHEBEIHUOBUJIANYINGZHUYIBAOHU,KEYONGJUYIXIBOMOFUGAIHUOBAOZHA,BIMIANYIJINSHUYUFEIJINSHUJIECHU。

  DUISUANXINGYUDUNHUAFEIYEDECHULI,YINGFUHE HUANBAOPAIFANGGUIDING。RUDUIHANFUFEISHUIKEJIASHIHUIRUHUOLVHUAGAICHULI。DUNHUAYEJINKENENGBUYONGZHONGGESUANYAN,RUYOUHANGEFEISHUI,KEJIALIUSUANYATIEHAIYUANCHULI。

  SUANXIKENENGYINQIMASHITIBUXIUGANGQINGCUI,RUXUYAOKETONGGUORECHULIQUYANG(JIAREZHI200℃BAOWENYIDUANSHIJIAN)。